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Lung Cancer Incidence and Years of Potential Life Lost Rates by Race/Ethnicity

New York Finger Lakes Region

The left-most chart below compares the incidence rate for lung cancer across the racial/ethnic groups. African-Americans have the highest incidence rates, and Latinos have the lowest. This is the same pattern seen in the premature mortality (YPLL) rates shown in the middle chart. The third chart shows that African-Americans and Latinos experience somewhat higher rates of YPLL for each incidence of lung cancer. In other words, among those diagnosed with lung cancer, African-Americans and Latinos are more likely to die from that cancer at an early age than are whites.

 

Methodology note: Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a widely used measure to assess the rate of premature mortality. YPLL places a larger weight on the deaths of younger people, in contrast with overall mortality statistics which are dominated by deaths of the elderly. The YPLL rates in Common Ground Health analyses are derived using 75 years as the baseline. A death at age 65 has YPLL of 10, where as a death at age 35 has a YPLL of 40. The rates are calculated per 100,000 population and are age-sex adjusted to account for differences in population distribution.

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