Life Expectancy by Race/Ethnicity and SES in the Finger Lakes Region (2021)

Finger Lakes Region

The large life expectancy disparity faced by Black Non-Latino residents in the Finger Lakes is present regardless of the socioeconomic status (SES) of the area they live in. At every SES level, Black Non-Latino people had lower life expectancy than their White Non-Latino neighbors. In addition, the effect of living in a higher SES area had less of a positive impact on life expectancy for Black Non-Latino residents than it did for Latinos or White Non-Latinos. Black Non-Latinos living in ZIP codes with high SES had a life expectancy 4 years higher than their counterparts living in ZIP codes with low SES, whereas life expectancy is 8 and 10 years higher for White Non-Latinos and Latinos when comparing residents of ZIP codes with high and low SES.
The life expectancy of a Black Non-Latino living in a high SES ZIP code (72.4 yrs) is lower than the life expectancy of a White Non-Latino living in a low SES ZIP code (72.9).

Methodology note: The SES index ranking was developed by Common Ground Health and calculated using a variety of socioeconomic indicators from the American Community Survey including average income, poverty rates, education levels, housing value, and homeownership. Each ZIP code is assigned a socioeconomic (SES) index ranking from 1 to 5. The lower SES ZIP codes tend to have lower average income, higher poverty rates, lower prevalence of college degrees, etc.

Methodology note: Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a widely used measure to assess the rate of premature mortality. YPLL places a larger weight on the deaths of younger people, in contrast with overall mortality statistics which are dominated by deaths of the elderly. The YPLL rates in Common Ground Health analyses are derived using 75 years as the baseline. A death at age 65 has YPLL of 10, where as a death at age 35 has a YPLL of 40. The rates are calculated per 100,000 population and are age-sex adjusted to account for differences in population distribution.

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