Infant Mortality Rates due to Prematurity vs Other Causes
Monroe County, New York (2013 - 2015)
The chart below shows that prematurity is a major driver of the overall disparity in infant mortality. The significantly higher infant mortality rate in the Focus Area* compared to the rest of Rochester is explained entirely by prematurity and related conditions – there is no significant difference in the mortality rate for other causes. In the suburbs compared to the city, the infant mortality rate due to prematurity is even lower, as is the rate for other causes.
* The Focus Area is a large section of Rochester with particularly high concentrations of blacks, Latinos, and also poverty.
Methodology note: The SES index ranking was developed by Common Ground Health and calculated using a variety of socioeconomic indicators from the American Community Survey including average income, poverty rates, education levels, housing value, and homeownership. Each ZIP code is assigned a socioeconomic (SES) index ranking from 1 to 5. The lower SES ZIP codes tend to have lower average income, higher poverty rates, lower prevalence of college degrees, etc.
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