Causes of Infant Mortality

Monroe County, New York (2013 - 2015)

The geographic and racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality rates are consistent with the premature mortality data (chapter 3) which showed disparities in the YPLL rates due to premature birth disorders. An examination of infant deaths within Monroe County shows that the largest driver of infant mortality is prematurity and related conditions.


Methodology note: Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a widely used measure to assess the rate of premature mortality. YPLL places a larger weight on the deaths of younger people, in contrast with overall mortality statistics which are dominated by deaths of the elderly. The YPLL rates in Common Ground Health analyses are derived using 75 years as the baseline. A death at age 65 has YPLL of 10, where as a death at age 35 has a YPLL of 40. The rates are calculated per 100,000 population and are age-sex adjusted to account for differences in population distribution.

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