Top Causes of Years of Potential Life Lost by Race/Ethnicity, Female

New York Finger Lakes Region (2013-2015)

For women, most of the top causes of premature mortality have lower YPLL than seen for men. Cancer is the biggest driver of YPLL for all three populations, with the highest rate for African-American women, and lowest rate for Latinas. It is also notable that the African-American disparity in premature mortality due to heart disease is even larger for women than men. The YPLL rate for black women is 235 percent higher than it is for white (not Latina) women. The rate for Latinas is 32 percent higher than white women.

Methodology note: The SES index ranking was developed by Common Ground Health and calculated using a variety of socioeconomic indicators from the American Community Survey including average income, poverty rates, education levels, housing value, and homeownership. Each ZIP code is assigned a socioeconomic (SES) index ranking from 1 to 5. The lower SES ZIP codes tend to have lower average income, higher poverty rates, lower prevalence of college degrees, etc.

Methodology note: Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a widely used measure to assess the rate of premature mortality. YPLL places a larger weight on the deaths of younger people, in contrast with overall mortality statistics which are dominated by deaths of the elderly. The YPLL rates in Common Ground Health analyses are derived using 75 years as the baseline. A death at age 65 has YPLL of 10, where as a death at age 35 has a YPLL of 40. The rates are calculated per 100,000 population and are age-sex adjusted to account for differences in population distribution.

Top Causes of Years of Potential Life Lost by Race/Ethnicity, Female chart