Housing quality can have an impact on health, and there are big disparities in the quality of housing across populations. The map below looks specifically at rental properties in the City of Rochester. The Health Home Index (HHI) was developed at the University of Rochester Medical Center as part of a broader effort to assess home environmental health hazards. Using data from City of Rochester Certificate of Occupancy inspections, each rental property is scored based on identified health/safety violations. A higher number means more types of violations were found. A tract-level HHI score is calculated based on the average of property scores.
As the map shows, some areas have much higher incidence of health/safety violations.
Methodology note: The SES index ranking was developed by Common Ground Health and calculated using a variety of socioeconomic indicators from the American Community Survey including average income, poverty rates, education levels, housing value, and homeownership. Each ZIP code is assigned a socioeconomic (SES) index ranking from 1 to 5. The lower SES ZIP codes tend to have lower average income, higher poverty rates, lower prevalence of college degrees, etc.