The first chart below compares the incidence rate for breast cancer across the racial/ethnic groups. White women have the highest incidence rates, and Latinas have the lowest. This contrasts with the premature mortality (YPLL) rates shown in the middle chart, which shows black women with the highest YPLL rate, and whites with the lowest. Putting the data together, the third charts shows that black and Latina women face significantly higher rates of YPLL for each incidence of breast cancer. In other words, white women are diagnosed more frequently with breast cancer, but the disease is more deadly among Latinas and black women.
Methodology note: Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a widely used measure to assess the rate of premature mortality. YPLL places a larger weight on the deaths of younger people, in contrast with overall mortality statistics which are dominated by deaths of the elderly. The YPLL rates in Common Ground Health analyses are derived using 75 years as the baseline. A death at age 65 has YPLL of 10, where as a death at age 35 has a YPLL of 40. The rates are calculated per 100,000 population and are age-sex adjusted to account for differences in population distribution.